Ethiopia :

Markakis, John

Ethiopia : the last two frontiers / John Markakis - xvi, 383 pages : maps ; 23 cm - Eastern Africa series . - Eastern African studies (London, England) .

Includes bibliographical references (pages 360-373) and index

Part 1. The lowland frontier: High & low land : A study in contrast. Afar & Somali. Borana, South Omo, Gambella & Beni Shangul Gumuz -- Part II. Building the state : The imperial model : Winning an empire. Building the imperial state, 1916-1974. Imperial rule in the periphery -- Part III. Rebuilding the state : The socialist model : The 1974 Revolution. Building the socialist state, 1974-1991. The Socialist State in the periphery -- Part IV. Rebuilding the state : The federal model : Building the federal state, 1991-1995. Ruling the federal state, 1995-2010 -- Part V. The federal state in the periphery : The highland periphery & the lowland Afar. The Somali. Borana, South Omo, Gambella & Beni Shangul Gumuz -- Conclusion

"Provides the gist of one scholar's knowledge of this country acquired over several decades. The author of numerous works on Ethiopia, Markakis presents here an overarching, concise historical profile of a momentous effort to integrate a multicultural empire into a modern nation state. The concept of nation state formation provides the analytical framework within which this process unfolds and the changes of direction it takes under different regimes, as well as a standard for assessing its progress and shortcomings at each stage. Over a century old, the process is still far from completion and its ultimate success is far from certain. In the author's view, there are two major obstacles that need to be overcome, two frontiers that need to be crossed to reach the desired goal. The first is the monopoly of power inherited from the empire builders and zealously guarded ever since by a ruling class of Abyssinian origin. The descendants of the people subjugated by the empire builders remain excluded from power, a handicap that breeds political instability and violent conflict. The second frontier is the arid lowlands on the margins of the state, where the process of integration has not yet reached, and where resistance to it is greatest. Until this frontier is crossed, the Ethiopian state will not have the secure borders that a mature nation state requires."--Publisher's description

9781847010339 (hbk.) 1847010334 (hbk.) 9781847010742 (pbk.) 1847010741 (pbk.)



Ethiopia--Politics and government--1889-1974
Ethiopia--Politics and government--1974-1991
Ethiopia--Politics and government--1991-
Ethiopia--Ethnic relations


DT386 / .M36 2011